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The ankle is an intricate and delicate network of muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. Because ankles are strong enough to bear someone’s body weight, yet complex enough for precision turns and movement, they can be prone to injury and pain.
Athletes, people who walk or run a lot, and the aging are most likely to have problems with ankle pain.
Some of the common causes of ankle pain include:
Though the above are the common causes of ankle pain, there are several more serious underlying conditions that pain an indicator of. This can include a broken foot or ankle, an ankle sprain, Avascular necrosis (the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply), and an inflammatory condition that develops in response to an infection in another part of the body. Chronic pain lasting more than a few days is an indication that a person should seek professional help.
A sprained ankle occurs when the ankle rolls, twists or turns an awkward way. Such an injury can stretch or tear the ligaments (tough bands of tissue) that help hold the ankle bones together.
Ligaments help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement. A sprained ankle occurs when the ligaments are forced beyond their normal range of motion. Most sprained ankles involve injuries to the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle.
Treatment for a sprained ankle depends on the severity of the injury. A moderate to severe sprain generally needs attention from a doctor. Walking with a sprained ankle can be painful, so a removable device such as a splint or brace and crutches are often needed.
When a sprain does not heal properly, a cast or walking boot may be required. Surgery may be recommended in the rare case of a severe ligament tear.
If your ankle makes walking downright impossible, you owe it to yourself to get treated. Lower Westchester Foot & Ankle can help. Call or click today to set up your diagnostic appointment.